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THE WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM
with Scripture Proofs

The Westminster Shorter Catechism was completed in 1647 by the Westminster Assembly and continues to serve as part of the doctrinal standards of many Presbyterian churches.


Question 1: What is the chief end of man?
Question 2: What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?
Question 3: What do the Scriptures principally teach?
Question 4: What is God?
Question 5: Are there more Gods than one?
Question 6: How many persons are there in the Godhead?
Question 7: What are the decrees of God?
Question 8: How doth God execute his decrees?
Question 9: What is the work of creation?
Question 10: How did God create man?
Question 11: What are God's works of providence?
Question 12: What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?
Question 13: Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?
Question 14: What is sin?
Question 15: What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
Question 16: Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
Question 17: Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
Question 18: Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
Question 19: What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
Question 20: Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
Question 21: Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
Question 22: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
Question 23: What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
Question 24: How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
Question 25: How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?
Question 26: How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
Question 27: Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
Question 28: Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation?
Question 29: How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
Question 30: How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
Question 31: What is effectual calling?
Question 32: What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
Question 33: What is justification?
Question 34: What is adoption?
Question 35: What is sanctification?
Question 36: What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
Question 37: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?
Question 38: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
Question 39: What is the duty which God requireth of man?
Question 40: What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
Question 41: Wherein is the moral law summarily comprehended?
Question 42: What is the sum of the ten commandments?
Question 43: What is the preface to the ten commandments?
Question 44: What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?
Question 45: Which is the first commandment?
Question 46: What is required in the first commandment?
Question 47: What is forbidden in the first commandment?
Question 48: What are we specially taught by these words, "before me," in the first commandment?
Question 49: Which is the second commandment?
Question 50: What is required in the second commandment?
Question 51: What is forbidden in the second commandment?
Question 52: What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
Question 53: Which is the third commandment?
Question 54: What is required in the third commandment?
Question 55: What is forbidden in the third commandment?
Question 56: What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
Question 57: Which is the fourth commandment?
Question 58: What is required in the fourth commandment?
Question 59: Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly sabbath?
Question 60: How is the sabbath to be sanctified?
Question 61: What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
Question 62: What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
Question 63: Which is the fifth commandment?
Question 64: What is required in the fifth commandment?
Question 65: What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
Question 66: What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
Question 67: Which is the sixth commandment?
Question 68: What is required in the sixth commandment?
Question 69: What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
Question 70: Which is the seventh commandment?
Question 71: What is required in the seventh commandment?
Question 72: What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
Question 73: Which is the eighth commandment?
Question 74: What is required in the eighth commandment?
Question 75: What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
Question 76: Which is the ninth commandment?
Question 77: What is required in the ninth commandment?
Question 78: What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
Question 79: Which is the tenth commandment?
Question 80: What is required in the tenth commandment?
Question 81: What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
Question 82: Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
Question 83: Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
Question 84: What doth every sin deserve?
Question 85: What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse, due to us for sin?
Question 86: What is faith in Jesus Christ?
Question 87: What is repentance unto life?
Question 88: What are the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
Question 89: How is the Word made effectual to salvation?
Question 90: How is the Word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual to salvation?
Question 91: How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?
Question 92: What is a sacrament?
Question 93: Which are the sacraments of the New Testament?
Question 94: What is Baptism?
Question 95: To whom is Baptism to be administered?
Question 96: What is the Lord's Supper?
Question 97: What is required for the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?
Question 98: What is prayer?
Question 99: What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?
Question 100: What doth the preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us?
Question 101: What do we pray for in the first petition?
Question 102: What do we pray for in the second petition?
Question 103: What do we pray for in the third petition?
Question 104: What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
Question 105: What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
Question 106: What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
Question 107: What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

Question 1: What is the chief end of man?

Answer: Man's chief end is to glorify God,and to enjoy him for ever.
                 1 Cor. 10:31 "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God."    Ps. 73:25 "Whom have I in heaven but thee? And there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee."  

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Question 2: What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?

Answer: The Word of God, which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him.
                 Ephesians 2:20 "And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief corner stone."  2 Tim. 3:16 "Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness."  I John 1:3 "That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you also, that ye also may have fellowship with us: yea, and our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ."

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Question 3: What do the Scriptures principally teach?

Answer: The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man.
                 2 Tim. 1:13  "Hold the pattern of sound words which thou hast heard from me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus."

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Question 4: What is God?

Answer: God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth.
                      John 4:24; Job 11:7; Psalm 90:2; James 1:17; Exodus 3:14; Psalm 147:5;
                       Revelation 4:8; Revelation 15:4; Exodus 34:6

                    

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Question 5: Are there more Gods than one?

Answer: There is but one only, the living and true God.
                  Deut. 6:4 "Hear, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah."      Jeremiah 10:10 "But Jehovah is the true God; he is the living God, and an everlasting King."

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Question 6: How many persons are there in the Godhead?

Answer: There are three persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost ; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory.
                  Matt. 28:19 "Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit."  I John 5:8 " For there are three who bear witness, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and the three agree in one."

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Question 7: What are the decrees of God?

Answer: The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass.
                  Eph. 1:11-12 "Being predestined according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will; to the end that we should be unto the praise of his glory..."

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Question 8: How doth God execute his decrees?

Answer: God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence.
                  Rev. 4:11 "Worthy art thou, our Lord and our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the power: for thou didst create all things, and because of thy will they were, and were created."  Dan. 4:35 "He doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth..."

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Question 9: What is the work of creation?

Answer: The work of creation is, God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good.
                      Gen. 1:1 "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."  Gen. 1:31 "And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day."  Heb. 11:3 "By faith we understand that the worlds have been framed by the word of God, so that what is seen hath not been made out of things which appear."

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Question 10: How did God create man?

Answer: God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.
                      Gen. 1:27 "And God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."   Gen. 1:28 "And God blessed them: and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth."  Colo. 3:10 "...and have put on the new man, that is being renewed unto knowledge after the image of him that created him."

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Question 11: What are God's works of providence?

Answer: God's works of providence are, his most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions.
   
                   Ps. 145:17 "Jehovah is righteous in all his ways, and gracious in all his works."  Ps. 103:19 "... His kingdom ruleth over all."  Isaiah 28:29 "This also cometh forth from Jehovah of hosts, who is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in wisdom."  Matt. 10:29 "Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? and not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father." Heb. 1:3 "... upholding all things by the word of his power...."

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Question 12: What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?

Answer: When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death.
                      Gen. 2:17 "But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."  Gal. 3:12 "And the law is not of faith; but, He that doeth them shall live in them."

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Question 13: Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?

Answer: Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.
                      Eccles. 7:29 "Behold, this only have I found: that God made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions."

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Question 14: What is sin?

Answer: Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God.
                      I John 3:4 "Every one that doeth sin doeth also lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness."

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Question 15: What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?

Answer: The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein thy were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit.
                      Gen. 3:6-8 "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat....And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked....  and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Jehovah God amongst the trees of the garden."

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Question 16: Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?

Answer: The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity; all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression.
                      Gen. 1:28 "And God blessed them: and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth...."  Gen. 2:16-17 "And Jehovah God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."  Rom. 5:18 "So then as through one trespass the judgment came unto all men to condemnation;"

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Question 17: Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

Answer: The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.
                      Rom. 5:12 "Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned."

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Question 18: Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

Answer: The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.
   
                  Rom. 5:19 "For as through the one manís disobedience the many were made sinners...."  Rom. 3:10 "There is none righteous, no, not one."  Eph. 2:1 "And you did he make alive, when ye were dead through your trespasses and sins."  Matt. 15:19 "For out of the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, railings: these are the things which defile the man."  Ps. 51:5 "Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity; And in sin did my mother conceive me."

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Question 19: What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?

Answer: All mankind by their fall lost communion with God, are under his wrath, and curse, and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever.
   
                   Gen. 3:8 "...and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Jehovah God amongst the trees of the garden."  Eph. 2:3 "...and we were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest...."  Gal. 3:10 "Cursed is every one who continueth not in all things that are written in the book of the law, to do them."  Rom. 6:23 "For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord."   Matt. 25:41 "Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels."

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Question 20: Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

Answer: God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life [a,] did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer.
                      Eph. 1:4 "...even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world...."  Rom. 3:21 "But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe...."

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Question 21: Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?

Answer: The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, forever.
                        "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Jesus Christ." I Tim. 2:5   "And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us."  John 1:14    "Whose are the fathers and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever.  Amen." Rom. 9:5    "But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood."  Hebrews 7:24

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Question 22: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

Answer: Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, and born of her yet without sin.
                        Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself took part in the same."  Hebrews 2:14   "Then saith he unto them, my soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even unto death."  Matt. 26:38    "Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus....The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall over shadow thee."  Luke 1:31, 35     "Such an high priest became us. who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners." Hebrews 7:26

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Question 23: What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?

Answer: Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.
                        "Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me: him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you."  Acts 3:22    "Thou art a priest forever, after the order of Melchisedec."  Hebrews 5:6    "Yet I have set my king upon my holy hill of Zion."  Psalm 2:6

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Question 24: How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?

Answer: Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his Word and Spirit the will of God for our salvation.
                        "No man hath seen God at any time: the begotten Son, which is in the bossom of the Father, he hath declared him." John 1:18   "Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teachest..." I Corinthians 2:13     "...from a child thou hast known the Holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation...."  II Timothy 3:15

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Question 25: How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?

Answer: Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God; and in making continual intercession for us.
                        "Now of the things which we have spoken, this is the sum:  We have such a high priest....Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many"  Hebrews 8:1; 9:28    "In all things....a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people."  Hebrews 2:17    "He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." Hebrews 7:25

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Question 26: How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

Answer: Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.
                        "Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power."  Psalm 110 :3   "For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king he will save us....Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness...as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land."  Isaiah 33:22, 32:1-2   "For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet."  I Corinthians15:25

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Question 27: Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?

Answer: Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross ; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.
   
                    "And she brought forth her first born son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger."  Luke 2:7   "God sent forth His Son, made of a women, made under the law..." Galatians 4:4    "He was despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief..." Isaiah 53:3   "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"  Matt. 27:46   "He became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross."  Philippians 2:8        "He was buried...he rose again on the third day"  I Cor. 15:4   

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Question 28: Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation?

Answer: Christ's exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day.
                        "He rose again on the third day, according to the Scriptures."  I Cor. 15:4    "....He was taken up; and a cloud received Him out of their sight."  Acts 1:9    "....He raised Him from the dead, and set Him at His own right hand in the heavenly places..." Eph. 1:20    "This same Jesus....shall so come in like manner as ye have seen Him go into heaven....He hath appointed a day, in which He will judge the world in righteous ness by that man whom he hath ordained..."  Acts 1:11; 17:31

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Question 29: How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?

Answer: We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us by his Holy Spirit.
                  "But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God..." John 1:12    "He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit,whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior..." Titus 3:5-6

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Question 30: How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

Answer: The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.
                     "For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;" Ephesians 2:8   "so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith..."  Ephesians 3:17   "God is faithful, through whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord."    I Corinthians 1:9

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Question 31: What is effectual calling?

Answer: Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ , and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.
              
"...who has saved us and called us with a holy calling..."  II Tim. 1:9, "Now when they heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Brethren, what shall we do?"  Acts 2:37   "...to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God..." Acts 26:18   "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.  It is written in the prophets, ĎAnd they shall all be taught of God.í Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me."  John 6:44-45   "Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh."  Ezekiel 36:26

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Question 32: What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?

Answer: They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.
                 "Moreover, whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified."  Romans 8:30   "He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will..."  Ephesians 1:5   "But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption..." I Corinthians 1:30

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Question 33: What is justification?

Answer: Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
                 "In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace"  Ephesians 1:7   "He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him."  2 Corinthians 5:21   "For as through the one manís disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous."  Romans 5:19   "...nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ ..." Galatians 2:16 

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Question 34: What is adoption?

Answer: Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges, of the sons of God.
                 "See how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and such we are. "  I John 3:1   "But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name..." John 1:12  "...and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ..."  Romans 8:17

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Question 35: What is sanctification?

Answer: Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.
                 "But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth."  2 Thess. 2:13   "...and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth."  Ephesians 4:24   "Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus."  Romans 8:1

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Question 36: What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?

Answer: The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.
                "Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God....and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us."  Romans 5:1-2, 5   "
But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, that shines brighter and brighter until the full day." Proverbs 4:18   "These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life." I John 5:13

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Question 37: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?

Answer: The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory; and their bodies, being still united to Christ, do rest in their graves till the resurrection.
                 "...to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect..." Hebrews 12:23   "... having the desire to depart and be with Christ..."  Philippians 1:23   "For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus."  I Thess. 4:14  "
He enters into peace; they rest in their beds, each one who walked in his upright way."  Isaiah 57:2   "Even after my skin is destroyed, yet from my flesh I shall see God"  Job 19:26

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Question 38: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?

Answer: At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory, shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment, and made perfectly blessed in the full enjoying of God to all eternity.
                
"...it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory..." I Cor. 15:43   "
Therefore everyone who confesses Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father who is in heaven."  Matt. 10:32   "We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is." I John 3:2   "...and so we shall always be with the Lord." I Thess. 4:17

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Question 39: What is the duty which God requireth of man?

Answer: The duty which God requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed will.
                "
He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?"  Micah 6:8

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Question 40: What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?

Answer: The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the moral law.
                "For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts..." Romans 2:14-15

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Question 41: Wherein is the moral law summarily comprehended?

Answer: The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments.
                
"He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten Commandments..." Deuteronomy 10:4   "And He said to him, "Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments."  Matt. 19:17

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Question 42: What is the sum of the ten commandments?

Answer: The sum of the ten commandments is, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves.
                
"And He said to him, "Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.  This is the great and foremost commandment.  The second is like it, ĎYou shall love your neighbor as yourself.  On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."  Matt. 22:37-40

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Question 43: What is the preface to the ten commandments?

Answer: The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
                 Exodus 22:2

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Question 44: What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?

Answer: The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us, That because God is the Lord, and our God, and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments.
                 "You shall therefore love the Lord your God, and always keep His charge, His statutes, His ordinances, and His commandments." Deuteronomy 11:1   "To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,  might serve Him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before Him all our days."  Luke 1:74-75

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Question 45: Which is the first commandment?

Answer: The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

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Question 46: What is required in the first commandment?

Answer: The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God; and to worship and glorify him accordingly.
                 "As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father..."      I Chronicles 28:9   "
You have today declared the Lord to be your God, and that you would walk in His ways and keep His statutes, His commandments and His ordinances, and listen to His voice." Deuteronomy 26:17   "You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only."  Matt. 4:10

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Question 47: What is forbidden in the first commandment?

Answer: The first commandment forbiddeth the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God, and our God ; and the giving of that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone.
                "The fool has said in his heart, "There is no God." Psalm 14:1   "
But My people did not listen to My voice, and Israel did not obey Me."  Psalm 81:11   "For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse....For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen."  Romans 1:20, 25

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Question 48: What are we specially taught by these words, "before me," in the first commandment?

Answer: These words, before me, in the first commandment teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God.
                 "
If we had forgotten the name of our God or extended our hands to a strange god, would not God find this out?" Psalm 44:20-21

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Question 49: Which is the second commandment?

Answer: The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thy self to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

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Question 50: What is required in the second commandment?

Answer: The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his Word.
               
"Take to your heart all the words with which I am warning you today, which you shall command your sons to observe carefully, even all the words of this law." Deut. 32:46   "Whatever I command you, you shall be careful to do; you shall not add to nor take away from it." Deut. 12:32   "...teaching them to observe all that I commanded you..." Matt. 28:20

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Question 51: What is forbidden in the second commandment?

Answer: The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images, or any other way not appointed in his Word.
                 "So watch yourselves carefully, since you did not see any form on the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the midst of the fire, so that you do not act corruptly and make a graven image..." Deut. 4:15-16   "Let no one keep defrauding you of your prize by delighting in self-abasement and the worship of the angels, taking his stand on visions he has seen, inflated without cause by his fleshly mind..." Colossians 2:18

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Question 52: What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?

Answer: The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God's sovereignty over us, his propriety in us, and the zeal he hath to his own worship.
                 "He is your Lord, bow down to Him."  Ps. 45:11   "
Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving, let us shout joyfully to Him with psalms.  For the Lord is a great God and a great King above all gods..." Psalm 95:2-3    "For you shall not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God."  Exodus 34:14

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Question 53: Which is the third commandment?

Answer: The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

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Question 54: What is required in the third commandment?

Answer: The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend use of God's names, titles, attributes, ordinances, Word, and works.
                  "Give unto the Lord the glory due unto His name."  Ps. 29:2   "Great and marvelous are Thy works, Lord God Almighty: just and true are Thy ways, Thou king of saints.  Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify the name?"  Rev. 15:3-4   "Guard your steps as you go to the house of God and draw near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools..." Ecclesiastes 5:1    "I will worship toward Thy holy temple, and praise Thy name for Thy loving-kindness and for Thy truth: for Thou hast magnified Thy word above all Thy name."  Psalm 138: 2   "
Remember that you should exalt His work, of which men have sung."  Job 36: 24

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Question 55: What is forbidden in the third commandment?

Answer: The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of anything whereby God maketh himself known.
                 "If you do not listen, and if you do not take it to heart to give honor to My name," says the Lord of hosts, "then I will send the curse upon you and I will curse your blessings; and indeed, I have cursed them already, because you are not taking it to heart."  Malachi 2:2

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Question 56: What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

Answer: The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment.
                 "If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law which are written in this book, to fear this honored and awesome name, the Lord your God, then the Lord will bring extraordinary plagues on you and your descendants..." Deuteronomy 28:58-59

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Question 57: Which is the fourth commandment?

Answer: The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

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Question 58: What is required in the fourth commandment?

Answer: The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his Word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy sabbath to himself.
                 "Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you." Deuteronomy 5:12  "You shall keep My sabbaths and revere My sanctuary; I am the Lord." Leviticus 19:30

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Question 59: Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly sabbath?

Answer: From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly sabbath ; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian sabbath.
                  "Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all
His work which God had created and made." Genesis 2:3    "On the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread, Paul began talking to them..." Acts 20:7    "I was in the Spirit on the Lordís day..."  Revelation 1:10

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Question 60: How is the sabbath to be sanctified?

Answer: The sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days; and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.
                
  "For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings."  Leviticus 23:3   "It is good to give thanks to the Lord, and to sing praises to Your name, O Most High; to declare Your lovingkindness in the morning and Your faithfulness by night..." Psalm 92:1-2   "And He said to them, "What man is there among you who has a sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold of it and lift it out?  How much more valuable then is a man than a sheep! So then, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath."  Matthew 12:11-12

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Question 61: What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?

Answer: The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations.
             
"
If because of the sabbath, you turn your foot from doing your own pleasure on My holy day, and call the sabbath a delight, the holy day of the Lord honorable, and honor it, desisting from your own ways, from seeking your own pleasure and speaking your own word..."  Isaiah 58:13    "Again, they have done this to Me: they have defiled My sanctuary on the same day and have profaned My sabbaths."  Ezekiel 23:38   "You also say, ĎMy, how tiresome it is!í And you disdainfully sniff at it," says the Lord of hosts, "and you bring what was taken by robbery and what is lame or sick; so you bring the offering! Should I receive that from your hand?" says the Lord."  Malachi 1:13

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Question 62: What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?

Answer: The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God's allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the sabbath day.
             
"For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.  So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.  It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed."  Exodus 31:15-17   "For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings."  Leviticus 23:3   "Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made." Genesis 2:3

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Question 63: Which is the fifth commandment?

Answer: The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

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Question 64: What is required in the fifth commandment?

Answer: The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honor, and performing the duties, belonging to everyone in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals.
             
"...be subject to one another in the fear of Christ.  Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as to the Lord."  Ephesians 5:21-22   "Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.  Slaves, be obedient to those who are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in the sincerity of your heart, as to Christ..."  Ephesians 6:1,5    "And masters, do the same things to them, and give up threatening, knowing that both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no partiality with Him."  Ephesians 6:9   "Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor"  Romans 12:10   "Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities." Romans 13:1

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Question 65: What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?

Answer: The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing anything against, the honor and duty which belongeth to everyone in their several places and relations.
             
"Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.  Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law."  Romans 13:7-8  

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Question 66: What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?

Answer: The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good) to all such as keep this commandment.
            
"Honor your father and mother (which is the first commandment with a promise), so that it may be well with you, and that you may live long on the earth."  Ephesians 6:2-3

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Question 67: Which is the sixth commandment?

Answer: The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill.

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Question 68: What is required in the sixth commandment?

Answer: The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavors to preserve our own life, and the life of others.
            
"So husbands ought also to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife loves himself; for no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it..." Ephesians 5:28-29    "Vindicate the weak and fatherless; Do justice to the afflicted and destitute.  Rescue the weak and needy;"  Psalm 82:3-4   "The blessing of the one ready to perish came upon me..." Job 29:13

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Question 69: What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?

Answer: The sixth commandment forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbour, unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto.
            
"Deliver those who are being taken away to death, and those who are staggering to slaughter, Oh hold them back.  If you say, "See, we did not know this," Does He not consider it who weighs the hearts?"  Proverbs 24:11-12    "
Whoever sheds manís blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God He made man."  Genesis 9:6   "But Paul cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Do not harm yourself..." Acts 16:28

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Question 70: Which is the seventh commandment?

Answer: The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.

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Question 71: What is required in the seventh commandment?

Answer: The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbour's chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior.
            
    "...that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor..."   I Thess. 4:4       "...and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather even reprove them; for the things which are done by them in secret it is a shame even to speak of."  Ephesians 5:11-12     "But flee youthful lusts, and follow after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart."  II Timothy 2:22       "Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer each one."  Colossians 4:6      "...beholding your chaste behavior coupled with fear."   I Peter 3:2

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Question 72: What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?

Answer: The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions.
            
   "...but I say unto you, that every one that looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart."  Matthew 5:28     "But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not even be named among you, as becometh saints; 4nor filthiness, nor foolish talking, or jesting, which are not befitting..."  Ephesians 5:3-4

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Question 73: Which is the eighth commandment?

Answer: The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal.

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Question 74: What is required in the eighth commandment?

Answer: The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others.
            
   "Take thought for things honorable in the sight of all men."  Romans 12:17     "Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, And look well to thy herds."  Proverbs 27:23    "And if thy brother be waxed poor, and his hand fail with thee; then thou shalt uphold him: as a stranger and a sojourner shall he live with thee."   Leviticus 25:35      "...not looking each of you to his own things, but each of you also to the things of others."  Philippians 2:4

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Question 75: What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?

Answer: The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth, or may, unjustly hinder our own, or our neighbour's, wealth or outward estate.
              "But if any provideth not for his own, and specially his own household, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever."  
I Timothy 5:8      "But he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough."    Proverbs 28:19    "The getting of treasures by a lying tongue Is a vapor driven to and fro by them that seek death."  Proverbs 21:6     "For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; He hath violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up. Because he knew no quietness within him, He shall not save aught of that wherein he delighteth."  Job 20:19-20

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Question 76: Which is the ninth commandment?

Answer: The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

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Question 77: What is required in the ninth commandment?

Answer: The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbour's good name, especially in witness bearing.
            
     "...speak ye every man the truth with his neighbor..."    Zechariah 8:16       "...having a good conscience; that, wherein ye are spoken against, they may be put to shame who revile your good manner of life in Christ"    I Peter 3:16       "Demetrius hath the witness of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, we also bear witness: and thou knowest that our witness is true."    
3 John 12    "A faithful witness will not lie; But a false witness uttereth lies...A true witness delivereth souls; But he that uttereth lies causeth deceit."  Proverbs 14:5, 25

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Question 78: What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?

Answer: The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own, or our neighbour's, good name.
            
   "Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used deceit: The poison of asps is under their lips..."   Romans 3:13      "Far be it from me that I should justify you: Till I die I will not put away mine integrity from me."   Job 27:5       "He that slandereth not with his tongue, Nor doeth evil to his friend, Nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor..."  Psalm 15:3

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Question 79: Which is the tenth commandment?

Answer: The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's.

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Question 80: What is required in the tenth commandment?

Answer: The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbour, and all that is his.
            
  "Be ye free from the love of money; content with such things as ye have..."   Hebrews 13:5    "Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep."  Romans 12:15     
"Love suffereth long, and is kind; love envieth not; love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not its own, is not provoked, taketh not account of evil; rejoiceth not in unrighteousness, but rejoiceth with the truth..."  I Corinthians 13:4-6

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Question 81: What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?

Answer: The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour, and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his.
            
   "Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer."     I Corinthians 10:10     "Let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another."  Galatians 5:26     "Put to death therefore your members which are upon the earth: fornication, uncleanness, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry..."  Colossians 3:5

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Question 82: Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

Answer: No mere man, since the fall, is able in this life perfectly to keep the commandments of God, but doth daily break them in thought, word, and deed.
             
"Surely there is not a righteous man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not." Eccles. 7:20   "... for that the imagination of manís heart is evil from his youth..." Genesis 8:21     "For in many things we all stumble....But the tongue can no man tame; it is a restless evil, it is full of deadly poison."  James 3:2, 8    

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Question 83: Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?

Answer: Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.
             
"He that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin."  John 19:11

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Question 84: What doth every sin deserve?

Answer: Every sin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life, and that which is to come.
            
  "Cursed is every one who continueth not in all things that are written in the book of the law, to do them."  Galatians 3:10     "Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels"  Matthew 25:41

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Question 85: What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse, due to us for sin?

Answer: To escape the wrath and curse of God, due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life [a, with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption.
            
  "...testifying both to Jews and to Greeks repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ."  Acts 20:21     "My son, if thou wilt receive my words, And lay up my commandments with thee; So as to incline thine ear unto wisdom, And apply thy heart to understanding; Yea, if thou cry after discernment, And lift up thy voice for understanding; If thou seek her as silver, And search for her as for hid treasures: Then shalt thou understand the fear of Jehovah, And find the knowledge of God."  Proverbs 2:1-5

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Question 86: What is faith in Jesus Christ?

Answer: Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel.
            
"But we are not of them that shrink back unto perdition; but of them that have faith unto the saving of the soul."  Hebrews 10:39      "But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, even to them that believe on his name:"  John 1:12     "...and be found in him, not having a righteousness of mine own, even that which is of the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith:"  Philippians 3:9      "For Jehovah is our judge, Jehovah is our lawgiver, Jehovah is our king; he will save us." Isaiah 33:22

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Question 87: What is repentance unto life?

Answer: Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God, with full purpose of, and endeavour after, new obedience.
            
  "Then to the Gentiles also hath God granted repentance unto life."  Acts 11:18    "Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and the rest of the apostles, Brethren, what shall we do?"   Acts 2:37     "...and rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto Jehovah your God; for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abundant in lovingkindness, and repenteth him of the evil."  Joel 2:13     "...turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art Jehovah my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth."  Jeremiah 31:18-19     "I thought on my ways, And turned my feet unto thy testimonies."  Psalm 119:59

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Question 88: What are the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?

Answer: The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption are, his ordinances, especially the Word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.
            
"Then they that gladly received his word were baptized.  And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers."  Acts 2:41-42

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Question 89: How is the Word made effectual to salvation?

Answer: The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith, unto salvation.
            
  "The law of Jehovah is perfect, restoring the soul: The testimony of Jehovah is sure, making wise the simple."  Psalm 19:7      "And ye became imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit;"  I Thess. 1:6       "For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek."  Romans 1:16

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Question 90: How is the Word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual to salvation?

Answer: That the Word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligence, preparation, and prayer ; receive it with faith and love, lay it up in our hearts, and practice it in our lives.
            
  Proverbs 8:34;  1 Peter 2:1-2;  Psalm 119:18;  Hebrews 4:2;  II Thess. 2:10;  Psalm 119:11;  James 1:25

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Question 91: How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?

Answer: The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them; but only by the blessing of Christ, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them.
            
  "So then neither is he that planteth anything, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase."   I Corinthians 3:7      "...which also after a true likeness doth now save you, even baptism, not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the interrogation of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus Chris..."  I Peter 3:21

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Question 92: What is a sacrament?

Answer: A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers.
             
"This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee: every male among you shall be circumcised."  Genesis 17:10      "...and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision..."  Romans 4:11

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Question 93: Which are the sacraments of the New Testament?

Answer: The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptism, and the Lord's Supper.
            
  "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that disbelieveth shall be condemned."  Mark 16:16     "For I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was betrayed took bread..."  I Corinthians 11:23

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Question 94: What is Baptism?

Answer: Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's.
            
  "Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:"  Matthew 28:19       "Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him through baptism unto death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life."  Romans 6:3-4

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Question 95: To whom is Baptism to be administered?

Answer: Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized.
            
  "And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For to you is the promise, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call unto him.  They then that received his word were baptized:"   Acts 2:38-39, 41      "And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.  This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee: every male among you shall be circumcised."  Genesis 17:7, 10  

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Question 96: What is the Lord's Supper?

Answer: The Lord's Supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is showed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.
            
 
  "And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and gave to them, saying, 'This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.' 20And the cup in like manner after supper, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in my blood, even that which is poured out for you.'"  Luke 22:19-20      "The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not a communion of the body of Christ?"   I Corinthians 10:16

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Question 97: What is required for the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?

Answer: It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance, love, and new obedience; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves.
            
 "For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that divisions exist among you; and I partly believe it.  When therefore ye assemble yourselves together, it is not possible to eat the Lordís supper....Wherefore whosoever shall eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup. For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he discern not the body.   But if we discerned ourselves, we should not be judged."   I Corinthians 11:18, 20, 27-29, 31    "...wherefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."  I Corinthians 5:8     "Try your own selves, whether ye are in the faith; prove your own selves. Or know ye not as to your own selves, that Jesus Christ is in you? unless indeed ye be reprobate."  II Corinthians 13:5

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Question 98: What is prayer?

Answer: Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God, for things agreeable to his will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins, and thankful acknowledgement of his mercies.
            
"Trust in him at all times, ye people; Pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us."  Psalm 62:8    "...and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God..."  Romans 8:27     "And in that day ye shall ask me no question. Verily, verily, I say unto you, if ye shall ask anything of the Father, he will give it you in my name."  John 16:23    "And I prayed unto Jehovah my God, and made confession, and said, Oh, Lord, the great and dreadful God, who keepeth covenant and lovingkindness with them that love him and keep his commandments..." Daniel 9:4     "In nothing be anxious; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God."  Philippians 4:6

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Question 99: What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?

Answer: The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer ; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer.
            
   "And this is the boldness which we have toward him, that, if we ask anything according to his will, he heareth us..." I John 5:14     "After this manner therefore pray ye. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name."   Matthew 6:9

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Question 100: What doth the preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

Answer: The preface of the Lord's Prayer, which is, Our Father which art in heaven, teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us; and that we should pray with and for others.
            
  "Be not wroth very sore, O Jehovah, neither remember iniquity for ever: behold, look, we beseech thee, we are all thy people."  Isaiah 64:9    "If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?"  Luke 11:13    "For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father."  Romans 8:15    "...with all prayer and supplication praying at all seasons in the Spirit, and watching thereunto in all perseverance and supplication for all the saints"  Ephesians 6:18

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Question 101: What do we pray for in the first petition?

Answer: In the first petition, which is, Hallowed be thy name, we pray, that God would enable us, and others, to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known; and that he would dispose all things to his own glory.
            
"God be merciful unto us, and bless us, And cause his face to shine upon us; that Thy way may be known upon earth, Thy salvation among all nations. Let the peoples praise Thee, O God; let all the peoples praise Thee."  Psalm 67:1-3     "For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him be the glory for ever. Amen."  Romans 11:36

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Question 102: What do we pray for in the second petition?

Answer: In the second petition, which is, Thy kingdom come, we pray, that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed ; and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it; and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.
            
 "Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered; Let them also that hate him flee before him."   Psalm 68:1    "Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: Build thou the walls of Jerusalem."  Psalm 51:18    "Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may run and be glorified, even as also it is with you..."  II Thess. 3:1    "Brethren, my heartís desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved."  Romans 10:1    "He who testifieth these things saith, Yea: I come quickly. Amen: come, Lord Jesus."  Rev. 22:20

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Question 103: What do we pray for in the third petition?

Answer: In the third petition, which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven, we pray, that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.
              "
Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; Yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart.  Make me to go in the path of thy commandments; For therein do I delight. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, And not to covetousness."  Psalm 119:34-36    "And when he would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, The will of the Lord be done."  Acts 21:14    "Bless Jehovah, ye his angels, That are mighty in strength, that fulfil his word, Hearkening unto the voice of his word. Bless Jehovah, all ye his works, In all places of his dominion: Bless Jehovah, O my soul."  Psalm 103:20, 22

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Question 104: What do we pray for in the fourth petition?

Answer: In the fourth petition, which is, Give us this day our daily bread, we pray that of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them.
            
  "Remove far from me falsehood and lies; Give me neither poverty nor riches;"  Proverbs 30:8     "And let the favor of the Lord our God be upon us; And establish thou the work of our hands upon us; Yea, the work of our hands establish thou it."  Psalm 90:17

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Question 105: What do we pray for in the fifth petition?

Answer: In the fifth petition, which is, And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors, we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins ; which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.
            
  "Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: According to the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions."  Psalm 51:1    "For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you."  Matthew 6:14

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Question 106: What do we pray for in the sixth petition?

Answer: In the sixth petition, which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, we pray, that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.
              
"Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."    Matthew 26:41      "Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; Let them not have dominion over me: Then shall I be upright, And I shall be clear from great transgression."    Psalm 19:13     "Create in me a clean heart, O God; And renew a right spirit within me.  Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; And uphold me with a willing spirit."   Psalm 51:10, 12

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Question 107: What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

Answer: The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever, Amen. teacheth us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to him; and, in testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen.
   
           
"O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousness, but for thy great merciesí sake. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God, because thy city and thy people are called by thy name."  Daniel 9:18-19    "Thine, O Jehovah, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O Jehovah, and thou art exalted as head above all.  Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name."  I Chronicles 29:11, 13    "He who testifieth these things saith, Yea: I come quickly. Amen: come, Lord Jesus."  Rev. 22:20

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